Exposure Prevention, Preparedness and Response
Plan for COVID-19
Developed by Construction Industry Safety Coalition (CISC)1
March 25, 2020 Revised by The Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) March 30, 2020
Revised for its use by O’Brien Construction Company, Inc. May 5, 2020
O’Brien Construction Company, Inc. (hereinafter “Company”) takes the health and safety of our employees, subcontractors and workers very seriously. With the spread of the coronavirus or “COVID-19,” a respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the Company must remain vigilant in mitigating the outbreak while putting in place reasonable and protective measures that permit the continuation of construction. The Company is a proud part of the construction industry, which many have deemed “essential” during this Declared National Emergency. In order to be safe and maintain operations, we have developed this COVID-19 Exposure Prevention, Preparedness, and Response Plan to be implemented, to the extent feasible and appropriate, throughout the Company and at all of our jobsites. The Company has also identified a team of employees to monitor the related guidance that U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) continue to make available.
This Plan is based on information available from the CDC and OSHA at the time of its development, and is subject to change based on further information provided by the CDC, OSHA, and other public officials. The Company may amend this Plan based on updated information, as it becomes available, as well as operational needs.
1 The CISC is comprised of over 25 construction industry trade associations representing all aspects of the construction industry. The CISC was formed to provide information to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and contractors on important safety and health issues. This document is a “template” that individual contractors should review carefully and tailor to their own work and jobsites.
I. General Definitions
Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidelines: Shall mean the COVID-19 Guidelines published by the CDC, as may be revised from time-to-time that provide guidance for personal behaviors to limit the spread of COVID-19.
County Control Letter: Shall be the questionnaire implemented by the County in which the Project is situated that is required for all persons to enter a workplace or Jobsite.
Delivery Personnel: Any person making delivery of materials, goods, equipment, etc.
Employee: A person employed by O’Brien Construction Company.
Executive Orders: Shall refer to the Executive Orders issued by the Governor of the State of Michigan that set forth requirements for resuming construction.
Facial Mask / Covering: Shall mean a non-medical grade mask or covering that adequately covers the nose and mouth and shall be closely fitting to the face. These masks may be disposable or washable.
Face Shield: Shall mean a solid clear plastic shield that fits around the brow of a person and extends below the chin.
Person or Individual: Shall mean any person, regardless of affiliation, that is rightfully permitted to access and be on the Project or Jobsite with purposeful reason.
Personal Distancing: Shall refer to no less than six (6) feet of space between two people.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
Standard PPE includes, but is not limited to,
o Safety goggles or protective eyewear.
o High visibility clothing.
o Long pants (no shorts are permitted).
o Construction appropriate footwear.
o Task appropriate hand protection / work gloves.
o Task appropriate respirator.
COVID-19 PPE includes, but is not limited to,
o Facial mask / covering (disposable or washable/re-usable).
o Clear plastic facial shield (when working within six (6) feet of other workers).
o Nitrile, latex, or vinyl gloves.
Project or Jobsite: Shall be the extent of the physical property upon which project is being constructed or renovated.
Respirator: Shall mean an N95 mask or other worksite/medical grade facial mask.
Site Safety Supervisor: Shall mean the O’Brien Construction site supervisor who will monitor and oversee the implementation of the Exposure Prevention, Preparedness and Response Plan for COVID-19.
Subcontractor: An organization, entity or person with whom O’Brien Construction has engaged by subcontract, purchase agreement or purchase order for the expressed purpose of providing labor, materials, equipment, or other services in relation to the construction or service of the project. The terms Subcontractor shall inclusively refer to the Subcontractor, its employees, workers, contractors, sub-subcontractors, representatives, agents and designees.
Visitor: Any person not directly employed or contracted by the Company or Subcontractors. This includes project owners, funders, funder’s inspectors, inspectors from the ity having jurisdiction, etc.
Workers: Shall describe any person, not employed by O’Brien Construction, that is reporting to the jobsite to perform construction work or other related service. Workers may be directly employed, represent or contracted by Subcontractors.
II. Responsibilities of Subcontractors
The Company is asking every Subcontractor to help with our prevention efforts. As set forth below, the Company has instituted various safe worksite practices, housekeeping, personal distancing, and other sensible practices at our jobsites. All Subcontractors must follow these requirements and practices at all times. In addition, Subcontractors are expected to report to their managers or supervisors if they are experiencing signs or symptoms of COVID-19, as described below and IMMEDIATELY notify the Site Safety Supervisor. Specific questions about this Plan shall be addressed to the Site Safety Supervisor.
Subcontractors are required to comply with this and all O’Brien Construction Safety Plans, as well as all COVID-19 related federal, state, or local laws, regulations, and orders currently in effect or that may be established during the engagement as a Subcontractor with O’Brien Construction (collectively “COVID-19 Expectations”). Any failure to comply with COVID-19 Expectations, regardless of whether occurring during work hours or on O’Brien Construction's property or project sites, will result in my immediate removal from the project site and notice to the Subcontractor’s main office. Such violation may constitute a breach of the terms Subcontract agreement with O’Brien Construction. This includes the requirement to comply at all times with social distancing expectations. Subcontractors acknowledge that any failure to abide by the social distancing and other COVID-19 Expectations can result in posing a direct and/or imminent threat to the health and safety of their workers or others. Subcontractors understand that under certain orders from local health departments, that any travel outside the state of Michigan, coming in close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19, or exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 will result in Subcontractor personnel being prohibited from working in-person on an O’Brien Construction jobsite. Additionally, working at other jobs or engaging in other activities that do not comply with COVID-19 Expectations may result in immediate removal from the site, for placing other contractors and the people O’Brien Construction serves at greater risk for contracting COVID-19.
Subcontractors must immediately notify the O’Brien Construction’s Site Safety Supervisor if they observe any other individual violating COVID-19 Expectations at any time. Subcontractors acknowledge that the Plan, COVID-19 Expectations, and other O’Brien Construction policies, procedures, and requirements may change from time to time as the COVID-19 pandemic evolves and further agree to release and also indemnify, defend, and hold harmless O’Brien Construction from any claims, demands, damages, costs, and expenses of every nature and kind whatsoever that relate to my breach of their Agreement with O’Brien Construction or its COVID-19 Expectations, whether intentional or negligent.
OSHA and the CDC have provided the following safe worksite control and preventative guidance for all workers, regardless of exposure risk:
1. Do not report to work if exhibiting any symptoms of COVID-19.
2. Wear facial mask / covering when in public.
3. Maintain at least six (6) feet personal distancing from other people.
4. Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. When soap and running water are unavailable, use an alcohol-based hand rub with at least 60% alcohol.
5. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
6. Follow appropriate respiratory etiquette, which includes covering for coughs and sneezes with the inside of your elbow. Immediately throw away used tissues in waste receptacles.
7. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
In addition, employees must familiarize themselves with the symptoms of COVID-19, which may include the following:
3. Shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and
4. Early symptoms such as chills, body aches, sore throat, headache, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, loss of smell, loss of taste, and runny nose.
If you develop a fever and symptoms of respiratory illness, such as cough or shortness of breath, DO NOT GO TO WORK and contact your supervisor and healthcare provider right away. Likewise, if you come into close contact with someone showing these symptoms, contact your supervisor and healthcare provider right away. If you start to exhibit any of the noted symptoms while at work, please leave the Jobsite immediately and seek necessary attention.
III. Job Site Requirements & Protective Measures
The Company has instituted the following protective measures at all jobsites. These measures shall be followed at all times by Employees, Workers, Visitors and Delivery Personnel.
1. General Safety Policies and Rules
a. All Subcontractors, Visitors and Delivery Personnel entering the jobsite must do so by passing through a single checkpoint to register their name, organization, and complete the requisite County Control Letter pertaining to COVID-19 inclusive of symptom screening, daily temperature reading, exposure to persons testing positive for COVID-19 and international or domestic travel within the preceding 14-days.
b. All persons entering the Jobsite are responsible for supplying, properly wearing and maintaining their own PPE.
c. All Subcontractors Visitors and Delivery Personnel must exit the Jobsite through the designated exit. Disposable PPE must be deposited in the designated bins upon exiting the building.
d. Any Subcontractors, Visitor or Delivery Personnel exhibiting any symptoms of COVID-19 will not be permitted on the Jobsite.
e. Any Subcontractors, Visitor or Delivery Personnel exhibiting any symptoms once on the Jobsite be required to immediately leave the jobsite.
f. All Subcontractors and Visitors will be required to wear a facial mask / covering at all times while on the Jobsite.
g. Subcontractors are responsible for their delivery personnel.
h. All Delivery Personnel shall remain in the vehicles at all times while on the Jobsite. In the event Delivery Personnel must exit their vehicle, they will be required to wear a facial mask / covering and gloves.
i. All Subcontractors, Visitors and Delivery Personnel must avoid physical contact and maintain at least six (6) feet personal distancing from others.
j. Subcontractors are required to submit to the site superintendent an advisement of any task that does not permit at least six (6) feet of personal distancing while the task is being conducted. The superintendent and Subcontractor shall discuss means of conducting the task while maintaining personal distancing. If such discussion does not permit at least six (6) feet of personal spacing between Workers, then every worker must, in addition to all other PPE, wear a clear plastic facial shield, facial mask/covering and gloves throughout the duration of the task. The Contractor will be required to submit such advisement to the site superintendent no less than 24-hours in advance of the commencement of the task and shall continue such advisement on a daily basis until the task is concluded.
k. Project and safety meetings will be by telephone or video conferencing, if possible. If meetings are conducted in-person, attendance will be collected verbally and the superintendent will sign-in each attendee. Attendance will not be tracked through passed-around sign-in sheets or mobile devices. During any in-person safety meetings, avoid gathering in groups of more than three (3) persons at a time and participants must remain at least six (6) feet apart.
l. The Construction office/trailer is to be used by O’Brien Employees only.
m. Traffic patterns around the site or in buildings should limit choke points and unnecessary intersections to avoid coming in close contact with other persons on the site.
n. Subcontractors are required, to the greatest extent possible, to restrict their Workers from moving between project sites.
o. All Subcontractors will be required to stagger breaks and lunches. There shall be no gatherings of greater than three (3) workers during breaks and lunches.
p. The Company understands that due to the nature of our work, access to running water for hand washing may be impracticable on some Jobsites. In these situations, the Company will provide, if available, portable wash stations and/or alcohol-based hand sanitizers and/or wipes. Subcontractors are encouraged to supply their own alcohol-based hand sanitizers and/or wipes.
q. Workers should limit the use of co-workers’ tools and equipment. To the extent tools must be shared, the Subcontractor will provide cleaning product or alcohol-based wipes, if available, to clean tools before and after use. When cleaning tools and equipment, consult manufacturing recommendations for proper cleaning techniques and restrictions.
r. If practicable, each Worker should use/drive the same truck or piece of equipment every shift.
s. Workers are encouraged to limit the need for N95 respirator use, by using engineering and work practice controls to minimize dust. Such controls include the use of water delivery and dust collection systems, as well as limiting exposure time.
t. The Company may ask subcontractors to divide crews/staff into two (2) groups where possible so that projects can continue working effectively in the event that one of the divided teams is required to quarantine.
u. As part of the division of crews/staff, the Company may ask subcontractors to divide employees into dedicated shifts, at which point employees will remain with their dedicated shifts for the reminder of the project. If there is a legitimate reason for an employee to change shifts, the Company will have sole discretion in making that alteration.
v. Workers are encouraged to minimize ridesharing. While in vehicles, Workers must ensure adequate ventilation and are encouraged to wear their facial mask / covering while in the vehicle.
w. In lieu of using a common source of drinking water, such as a cooler, employees, contractors and workers should use individual water bottles.
2. Workers entering Occupied Buildings and 扑克王app官方homes
a. Construction and maintenance activities within occupied buildings, 扑克王app官方homes, office buildings, and other establishments, present unique hazards with regards to COVID-19 exposures. Everyone working within such establishments should evaluate the specific hazards when determining best practices related to COVID-19 and take necessary precautions to ensure the safety of the residents and workers. This includes, but is not limited to, limiting occupancy/use of elevators, designating stairwells as “UP only” or “DOWN only, eliminating choke points in intersecting corridors and doorways, etc.
b. Workers must sanitize the work areas upon arrival, throughout the workday, and immediately before departure. The Company will provide alcohol-based wipes, if available, for this purpose.
c. Workers should ask other occupants to keep a personal distance of six (6) feet at a minimum. Workers should wash or sanitize hands immediately before starting and after completing the work.
3. Jobsite Visitors
a. The number of Visitors to the job site will be limited to only those necessary to the Project or the work.
b. All Visitors will be screened in advance of arriving on the job site. If the visitor answers “yes” to any of the following questions, he/she should not be permitted to access the jobsite:
i. Have you been confirmed positive for COVID-19?
ii. Are you currently experiencing, or recently experienced, any acute respiratory illness symptoms such as fever, cough, or shortness of breath?
iii. Have you been in close contact with any persons who has been confirmed positive for COVID-19?
iv. Have you been in close contact with any persons who have traveled and are also exhibiting acute respiratory illness symptoms?
4. Personal Protective Equipment and Work Practice Controls
a. In addition to regular PPE for Workers engaged in various tasks (fall protection, hard hats, hearing protection, high visibility clothing and construction appropriate footwear), the Subcontractors will provide their workers:
i. Facial masks / coverings which shall be worn at all times while on the jobsite. NOTE: The CDC is does not recommend the general use of N95 respirators due to shortages of this product. However, if the construction task normally requires the use of an N95 mask, then Subcontractors shall make N95 respirators available to their Workers for such tasks.
ii. Due to the current shortage of N95 respirators, the following Work Practice Controls should be followed.
1. Keep dust down by using engineering and work practice controls, specifically through the use of water delivery and dust collection systems.
2. Limit exposure time to the extent practicable.
3. Isolate workers in dusty operations by using a containment structure or distance to limit dust exposure to those employees who are conducting the tasks, thereby protecting nonessential workers and bystanders.
4. Institute a rigorous housekeeping program to reduce dust levels on the jobsite.
iii. Gloves that will be worn at all times while on the jobsite. The type of glove worn should be appropriate to the task. If gloves are not typically required for the task, then any type of glove is acceptable, including latex gloves. Sharing of gloves is not permitted.
iv. Eye protection that will be worn at all times while on the jobsite.
v. Clear plastic face shields when conducting tasks that do not permit greater than six (6) feet of personal spacing.
IV. Jobsite Exposure Situations
1. Exhibiting COVID-19 Symptoms
a. If an employee of O’Brien Construction, Worker, visitor or delivery person exhibits any COVID-19 symptoms, the person shall not be permitted on the jobsite until they are tested for COVID-19 at an ized location and such test indicates a negative result for infection AND they are symptom-free for 72 hours (3 full days) without the use of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicines (e.g., cough suppressants).
b. If an employee of O’Brien Construction, worker, visitor, delivery person reports to work then begins to exhibit symptoms shall be required to leave the jobsite until they are tested for COVID-19 at an ized location and such test indicates a negative result for infection AND they are symptom-free for 72 hours (3 full days) without the use of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicines (e.g., cough suppressants).
2. Testing Positive for COVID-19
a. A person who tests positive for COVID-19 will be directed to self-quarantine away from work. Persons that test positive and are symptom free may return to work when at least seven (7) days have passed since the date of their first negative re-test and they have not had a subsequent illness
b. A person who test positive and have been hospitalized may return to work when directed to do so by their medical care provider. The Company will require the person to provide documentation clearing him or her to return to work.
3. Persons Having Close Contact with an Individual Who Has Tested Positive for COVID-19
a. Persons who have come into close contact with an individual who has tested positive for COVID-19 (co-worker or otherwise) will be directed to self-quarantine for 14 days from the last date of close contact with that individual. Close contact is defined as six (6) feet for a prolonged period of time.
b. If the Company learns that a person that has tested positive, the Company will conduct an investigation to determine co-workers who may have had close contact with the confirmed-positive person in the prior 14 days and direct those individuals who have had close contact with the confirmed-positive employee to self-quarantine for 14 days from the last date of close contact with that employee. If applicable, the Company will also notify any sub-contractors, vendors/suppliers or visitors who may have had close contact with the confirmed-positive person. If an employee learns that they have come into close contact with a confirmed-positive individual outside of the workplace, they must alert a manager or supervisor of the close contact and self-quarantine for 14-days from the last date of close contact with that individual.
2 Recovery is defined as: (1) resolution of fever with the use of fever-reducing medications and (2) improvement in respiratory symptoms (e.g., cough, shortness of breath).
V. Emergency Response Procedure
The implication of a person testing positive for COVID-19 yields two pathways of response; personal safety and site sterilization. Considering what is known about the virus thus far, people that ultimately contract the virus are generally asymptomatic during the contagious period. The virus appears to be transferrable via respiratory droplets whether passed from person-to-person or from person-to-surface-to person. Based on these conditions, the following response and actions shall be implemented if a person tests positive for COVID-19 that has worked or visited one of the construction sites.
1. Emergency Response Definitions
The Infected Person (IP) shall be defined as a person that has tested positive for COVID-19.
The Responding Entities (RE) shall be defined as O’Brien Construction Company (OCC) and the organization for which the Infected Person works or represents. Both entities shall designate a responsible person-in-charge to represent the entity while the steps noted below are implemented.
A Person of Concern (PoC) shall be defined as an individual with whom the Infected Person had direct personal contact or interface.
The Entities of Concern (EoC) shall be defined as organizations that employ or represent a Person of Concern with whom the Infected Person has previously interfaced with during the preceding 14-day period.
Date of Closure shall be defined as the date OCC is advised of a known IP that has worked in or visited the project site.
Potential Exposure List shall be defined as the list of PoC’s with whom the IP has had direct contract or had worked in the same area of the building, shared equipment, tools, etc.
14-Day No-Return Period shall be defined as the period immediately commencing from the first notice of a confirmed IP.
Building Clearance Date shall be defined as the date the building is cleared for return of human traffic (after the 15-hour waiting period has expired and the building has been sterilized).
Personnel Clearance Date shall be defined as the day persons are permitted to return to site.
Notification #1 shall provide notice to all entities representing persons that have worked or visited the site within the preceding 14-days to OCC being advise of an IP. This notification shall also request confirmation from the entities for their list of persons who have worked or visited the site in the preceding 14-days as well as acknowledgment of names PoC’s that have interfaced with the IP. Copy project owner on Notification #1.
Notification #2 shall provide confirmation of all PoC’s as well as the actual dates associated with the 14-Day No-Return Period, Building Clearance Date and Personnel Clearance Date (collectively Clearance Dates). Copy project owner on Notification #2.
Notification #3 shall provide confirmation to all entities of Clearance Dates and thank them for their cooperation. Copy project owner on Notification #3.
Notification #4 shall be issued to the project owner citing the duration of the closure along with potential productivity impact. Such duration shall be claimed as an excusable delay under the force majeure clause of the prime agreement.
2. Determinate Factors
a. The CDC indicates that the virus can remain pathogenic (live/contagious) on surfaces for approximately 6 to 12 hours.
b. The CDC indicates a person may be asymptomatic for a period of 14-days prior to exhibiting symptoms.
3. Step 1 - Immediately Close the Construction Site & Commence Documentation
a. Upon being notified that an IP has been identified, OCC shall immediately close the construction site to all human traffic and prepare to issue Notification #1.
b. If the site is closed during working hours, OCC shall record the name and organization for each person presently on the site.
c. OCC shall utilize the record list of those on-site at the time of closure as well as the sign-in sheets for the preceding three (3) days to issue Notification #1 to those entities on the list citing the Date of Closure and the individual names that have been on-site during the preceding three (3) days. Notification #1 shall advise each entity of a confirmed case of COVID-19 at the project site and that all persons representing the entity shall undertake immediate caution while measures are taken to determine potential PoC’s that have interfaced with the IP.
d. Within Notification #1, OCC shall request an immediate response from each entity whether the listed persons had potential interaction with the IP or had worked in the same area of the building, shared equipment, tools, etc. This information shall be used in developing the PoC list.
e. Establish Three (3) Day No Return Date and Personnel Clearance Date to be issued in Notification #2.
4. Step 2 – Activate Building Cleaning/Sterilization
a. OCC shall wait 24-hours (12-hours past the CDC-identified higher end of the pathogenic period) before activating cleaning crews to sterilize the project site and equipment. To ensure their safety, cleaning crews shall be required to wear full personal protection equipment while cleaning the obvious element of the project site where respiratory droplets may reside. Cleaning crews shall use CDC guidelines to determine such elements.
b. Cleaning crews shall utilize solutions approved by the CDC and thoroughly wipe all surfaces.
c. Establish the Building Clearance Date to be issued in Notification #2.
5. Step 3 – Determine Personnel Impact
a. Investigate and determine all PoC’s with whom the IP has had contact or interface.
b. Together with the list generated during Step 1, use the PoC’s list to develop the Potential Exposure list and issue Notification #2 to all EoC’s. All persons on the list cited in Notification #2 shall not be permitted back on-site during successful conclusion the Three (3) Day No-Return period.
c. All persons NOT on the Potential Exposure List and who have not contracted or exhibiting any symptoms of COVID-19 shall be permitted to return to the project on or after the Building Clearance Date.
6. Step 4 – Clearance
a. Issue Notification #3 to all entities.
b. Issue Notification #4 to the project owner.
VI. Job Site Cleaning and Disinfecting
The Company has instituted regular housekeeping practices, which include cleaning and disinfecting frequently used door handles and elevator push buttons, where possible. Subcontractors should regularly do the same in their assigned work areas and other elements of their work area, including tools and equipment of common use.
1. Jobsite trailers and break/lunchroom will only be available to O’Brien Construction personnel. These areas will be cleaned at least once per day. OCC Employees performing cleaning will be issued proper personal protective equipment (“PPE”), such as nitrile, latex, or vinyl gloves and gowns, as recommended by the CDC.
2. Employees or Workers emptying trash receptacles must wear appropriate PPE inclusive of facial mask / covering, clear plastic facial shield and nitrile, latex, or vinyl gloves.
3. Disposable facial masks / coverings shall be deposited covered bins with a deposit hole. Such bins shall be placed at the Jobsite exit(s).
4. Any portable jobsite toilets should be cleaned and disinfected by the leasing company at least twice per week. To the extent available, the Company will ensure that hand sanitizer dispensers are always filled. Frequently touched items (i.e. door pulls and toilet seats) will be disinfected frequently.
5. Vehicles and equipment/tools should be cleaned by subcontractor(s) using such vehicles and equipment at least once per day and before change in operator or rider.
6. OSHA has indicated that a reliable report that an employee has tested positive for COVID-19 does not typically require an employer to perform special cleaning or decontamination of work environments, unless those environments are visibly contaminated with blood or other bodily fluids. Notwithstanding this, the Company will implement measures to safely return workers to the jobsite.
7. The Company will ensure that any disinfection shall be conducted using one of the following, based on availability:
a. Common EPA-registered household disinfectant;
b. Alcohol solution with at least 60% alcohol; or
c. Diluted household bleach solutions (if appropriate for the surface).
d. The Company will maintain Safety Data Sheets of all disinfectants used on site.
VII. OSHA Recordkeeping
If a confirmed case of COVID-19 is reported, the Company will determine if it meets the criteria for recordability and reportability under OSHA’s recordkeeping rule. OSHA requires construction employers to record work-related injuries and illnesses that meet certain
severity criteria on the OSHA 300 Log, as well as complete the OSHA Form 301 (or
equivalent) upon the occurrence of these injuries. For purposes of COVID-19, OSHA also
requires employers to report to OSHA any work-related illness that (1) results in a fatality, or
(2) results in the in-patient hospitalization of one or more employee. “In-patient” hospitalization is defined as a formal admission to the in-patient service of a hospital or clinic for care or treatment.
OSHA has made a determination that COVID-19 should not be excluded from coverage of the rule – like the common cold or the seasonal flu – and, thus, OSHA is considering it an “illness.” However, OSHA has stated that only confirmed cases of COVID-19 should be considered an illness under the rule. Thus, if an employee simply comes to work with symptoms consistent with COVID-19 but is not a confirmed diagnosis, the recordability analysis is not necessarily triggered at that time.
If an employee has a confirmed case of COVID-19, the Company will conduct an assessment of any workplace exposures to determine if the case is work-related. Work-relatedness is presumed for illnesses that result from events or exposures in the work environment, unless it meets certain exceptions. One of those exceptions is that the illness involves signs or symptoms that surface at work but result solely from a non-work-related event or exposure that occurs outside of the work environment. Thus, if an employee develops COVID-19 solely from an exposure outside of the work environment, it would not be work-related, and thus not recordable.
The Company’s assessment will consider the work environment itself, the type of work performed, the risk of person-to-person transmission given the work environment, and other factors such as community spread. Further, if an employee has a confirmed case of COVID- 19 that is considered work-related, the Company will report the case to OSHA if it results in a fatality within 30 days or an in-patient hospitalization within 24-hours of the exposure incident.
Except for circumstances in which the Company is legally required to report workplace occurrences of communicable disease, the confidentiality of all medical conditions will be maintained in accordance with applicable law and to the extent practical under the circumstances. When it is required, the number of persons who will be informed that an unnamed employee has tested positive will be kept to the minimum needed to comply with reporting requirements and to limit the potential for transmission to others. The Company reserves the right to inform other employees that an unnamed co-worker has been diagnosed with COVID-19 if the other employees might have been exposed to the disease so the
employees may take measures to protect their own health. The Company also reserves the right to inform sub-contractors, vendors/suppliers or visitors that an unnamed employee has been diagnosed with COVID-19 if they might have been exposed to the disease so those individuals may take measures to protect their own health.
IX. General Questions
Given the fast-developing nature of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Company may modify this Plan on a case by case basis. If you have any questions concerning this Plan, please contact Conor Dare, Director of Field Operations .
The content of this plan is not intended to provide advice or be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions relating to a medical condition.
COVID-19 General Checklist for Employers and Employees
Know the Symptoms of COVID-19
• Coughing, fever, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing.
• Early symptoms may include chills, body aches, sore throat, loss of smell, loss of taste, headache, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, and runny nose. If you develop a fever and symptoms of respiratory illness, DO NOT GO TO WORK and call your supervisor and health-care provider immediately. Do the same thing if you come into close contact with someone showing these symptoms.
Employer and Subcontractor Responsibilities
• Develop a COVID-19 Exposure Action Plan.
• Conduct safety meetings (toolbox talks) by phone if possible. If not, instruct employees to maintain 6-feet between each other. The foreman/supervisor will track attendance verbally rather than having employees sign an attendance sheet.
• Access to the job site and work trailer will be limited to only those necessary for the work.
• All visitors will be pre-screened to ensure they are not exhibiting symptoms.
• Employees, workers, and visitors will be asked to leave the jobsite and return 扑克王app官方home if they are showing symptoms.
• To the extent available, provide hand sanitizer and maintain Safety Data Sheets of all disinfectants used on site.
• Provide protective equipment (PPE) to any employees assigned cleaning/disinfecting tasks.
• Become familiar with the Exposure Action Plan and follow all elements of the Plan.
• Maintain safe distancing of not less than six (6) from all other individuals.
• Wear protective facial mask / covering at all times.
• Practice good hygiene: wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If these are not available, use alcohol-based hand rub with at least 60% alcohol. Avoid touching your face, eyes, food, etc. with unwashed hands.
Cleaning/Disinfecting Job Sites and Other Protective Measures
• Clean and disinfect frequently used tools and equipment on a regular basis. This includes other elements of the jobsite where possible. Employees should regularly do the same in their assigned work areas.
• Clean shared spaces such as trailers and break/lunchrooms at least once per day.
Disinfect shared surfaces (door handles,
machinery controls, etc.) on a regular basis.
Avoid sharing tools with co-workers. If not, disinfect before and after each use.
• Arrange for any portable job site toilets be cleaned by the leasing company at least twice per week and disinfected on the inside.
• Trash collected from the jobsite must be changed frequently by someone wearing gloves.
Personal Protective Equipment and Alternate Work Practice Controls
• Subcontractors shall provide and workers shall wear customary construction-related PPE including, but not limited to hardhats, high visibility clothing, safety goggles/protective eyewear, construction appropriate footwear, task appropriate gloves, task appropriate respirators.
• Subcontractors shall provide and workers shall wear COVID-19 related PPE including, but not limited to facial masks / covering (disposable or washable/reusable), clear plastic facial shields, protective gloves.
• Subcontractors shall keep the dust down by using engineering and work practice controls, specifically through the use of water delivery and dust collection systems.
COVID-19 Toolbox Talk
What is COVID-19?
The novel coronavirus, COVID-19 is one of seven types of known human coronaviruses. COVID-19, like the MERS and SARS coronaviruses, likely evolved from a virus previously found in animals. The remaining known coronaviruses cause a significant percentage of
colds in adults and children, and these are not a serious threat for otherwise healthy adults.
Patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), Chinese ities identified an outbreak caused by a novel—or new—coronavirus. The virus can cause mild to severe respiratory illness. The
outbreak began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and has spread to a growing number of other countries—including the United States.
How is COVID-19 Spread?
COVID-19, like other viruses, can spread between people. Infected people can spread COVID-19 through their respiratory secretions, especially when they cough or sneeze.
According to the CDC, spread from person-to-person is most likely among close contacts (about 6 feet). Person-to-person spread is thought to occur mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, like influenza and other respiratory pathogens. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or
possibly be inhaled into the lungs. It is currently unclear if a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
In assessing potential hazards, employers should consider whether their workers may
encounter someone infected with COVID-19 in the course of their duties. Employers should also determine if workers could be exposed to environments (e.g., worksites) or materials (e.g., laboratory samples, waste) contaminated with the virus.
Depending on the work setting, employers may also rely on identification of sick individuals who have signs, symptoms, and/or a history of travel to COVID-19-affected areas that indicate potential infection with the virus, in order to help identify exposure risks for workers and implement appropriate control measures.
There is much more to learn about the transmissibility, severity, and other features associated with COVID-19, and investigations are ongoing.
COVID-19 Prevention and Work Practice Controls:
• Maintain safe distancing of not less than six (6) from all other individuals.
• Wear protective facial mask / covering at all times.
• Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. When soap and running water are unavailable, use an alcohol-based hand rub with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands that are visibly soiled.
• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
• Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
• Employees who have symptoms (i.e., fever, cough, or shortness of breath) should notify their supervisor and stay 扑克王app官方home—DO NOT GO TO WORK.
• Sick employees should follow CDC-recommended steps. Employees should not return to work until the criteria to discontinue 扑克王app官方home isolation are met, in consultation with healthcare providers and state and local health departments.
General Job Site / Office Practices
• Clean AND disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces such as workstations, keyboards, telephones, handrails, and doorknobs. Dirty surfaces can be cleaned with soap and water prior to disinfection. To disinfect, use products that meet EPA’s criteria for use against SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19, and are appropriate for the surface.
• Avoid using other employees’ phones, desks, offices, or other work tools and equipment, when possible. If necessary, clean and disinfect them before and after use.
• Clean and disinfect frequently used tools and equipment on a regular basis.
· This includes other elements of the jobsite where possible.
· Employees should regularly do the same in their assigned work areas.
• Clean shared spaces such as trailers and break/lunchrooms at least once per day.
• Disinfect shared surfaces (door handles, machinery controls, etc.) on a regular basis.
• Avoid sharing tools with co-workers if it can be avoided. If not, disinfect before and after each use.
• Arrange for any portable job site toilets to be cleaned by the leasing company at least twice per week and disinfected on the inside.
• Any trash collected from the jobsite must be changed frequently by someone wearing gloves.
• In addition to regular PPE for workers engaged in various tasks (fall protection, hard hats, hearing protection), employers will also provide:
· Gloves: Gloves should be worn at all times while on-site. The type of glove worn should be appropriate to the task. If gloves are not typically required for the task, then any type of glove is acceptable, including latex gloves. Gloves should not be shared if at all possible.
· Eye protection: Eye protection should be worn at all times while on-site.